Yaroslav Golovanov

Bondarenko already had appeared in films and official photographs of the first group of cosmonauts and its inexplicado disappearance produced rumors of that some cosmonauts could have died in failed launchings. In 1980 finally the details of this incident in the Ocidente had been published and in 1986 the Izvestia periodical published an article through the writer Yaroslav Golovanov, detailing the incident for Russian readers. The Soviet government erased the image of Bondarenko of an official photograph of 1961 of the first selected cosmonauts to train. One was about one practical common one of the Soviet communist government when the intention existed to deny the existence of somebody. Similar case happened when cosmonaut Grigori Nelyubov was relieved of the body of cosmonauts after problems to discipline. Its image was simply extinguished of the official photo of the first group of cosmonauts (OBERG, 1981). 2.1.1 Consequncias the accident of Bondarenko brought its consequences for the Soviet space program.

Perhaps marcante it has been the fact of that since its first launching the manned ships Soviet had never made use of an atmosphere that used pure oxygen. The Soviet cosmonauts had always breathed a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen in the same ratios of the atmosphere of the Land. Being the great pure oxygen the responsible one for the uncontrollable fire that vitimou Bondarenko, its use in ships could bring the risk of a fire occurring in orbit. The circumstances of the death of Bondarenko present clamorous similarities with the accident that vitimou the crew of the American ship Apolo-1. Some believe that if the Soviets had divulged information on the tragedy of Bondarenko, NASA (Space Agency of the United States) could have been alerted on the perigos to use an atmosphere of pure oxygen in any environment, and could have done changes that would prevent the fire of the Apolo-1. However it may be, before 1966 the perigos had been described lethal of an environment of pure oxygen and high pressure in American scientific publications (BURGESS, 2003).